Written by Sig Silber
Updated at 4 pm EDT August 31, 2019 to reflect the dramatic change in track that we hinted at when we published late last night. The NOAA Discussion is not able to keep up with the changing track at least not right now. Cape Hatteras and places southwest of Cape Hatteras seem to be at most risk now other than of course the Northwestern Bahamas.
Focal Points for Saturday and Sunday. Hazards for Days 3 and 7 out to September 6 are shown in the body of the report. We focus tonight on Hurricane Dorian
…Dorian with 140mph winds is forecast to move across the northernmost Bahamas as a major hurricane on Sunday…
…Excessive heat continues across the Southwest into the weekend…
Looking out 3 to 7 Days (this list will not update until Monday afternoon)
– Heavy rain across portions of the Great Lakes and the Upper Mississippi Valley, Mon-Tue, Sep 2-Sep 3.
– Heavy rain across portions of the Southeast and the Mid-Atlantic, Mon-Fri, Sep 2-Sep 6.
– Heavy rain across portions of the Northeast, Mon, Sep 2.
– Heavy rain across portions of the Northeast, Wed, Sep 4.
– Severe weather across portions of the Central Plains, the Upper Mississippi Valley, and the Northern Plains, Mon, Sep 2.
– Flooding possible across portions of the Central Plains, the Southeast, the Middle Mississippi
Valley, and the Southern Plains.
– Flooding occurring or imminent across portions of the Northern Plains.
– High winds across portions of the Southeast and the Mid-Atlantic, Mon-Fri, Sep 2-Sep 6.
– High significant wave heights for coastal portions of the Southeast, Mon-Wed, Sep 2-Sep 4.
– Heavy rain across portions of mainland Alaska, Mon, Sep 2.
– High winds across portions of mainland Alaska and the Aleutians, Mon, Sep 2.
This article provides continuous updates for a variety of Weather and Weather-Related Threats. Pay attention to how severe weather may impact where you live or travel. For a location of interest on any of these maps, click the map to see the details – perhaps a very detailed map and appropriate text information. These are “Live” maps and continually update. Please pay attention to the Mesoscale Events maps — Mesoscale Events are potentially life-threatening situations.
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Today is August 31, 2019. If you are reading this article later than this date, there may be a later version which you can access by clicking here and selecting the latest version of this article from the top of the Directory and clicking on that. This article is “Live” and the current day graphics will update continually as will the Day 2 graphics, the Day 3 Graphics, the Day 3 – 7 graphics and the week – 2 graphics. So the graphics always update but the latest version of the article has my updated commentary and updated NOAA discussions when we update those which may be daily or every two days depending on how fast conditions are changing. So if you have an older version, e.g. from an email you received yesterday, the graphics are always current but if you want to be sure you have the most current discussions, click here and then click again to go to the most recently published version. It is our goal to provide the most current information and discussion practical.
Hurricane: but where will it eventually impact land?
Here is a different look:
You can use the + and – to zoom in or out and you can scroll the map. I recommend that you first look for where you can click to see the full map meaning a large version of the map and then use the “+” to zoom in to areas along the track where you have an interest. I used a different setting initially but I think this works better as it will show all storms.
Now, the Day One and Two CONUS Forecasts: These Maps Update Daily.
Day One CONUS Forecast
|Day Two CONUS Forecast|
These graphics update and can be clicked on to enlarge. You can see where the weather will be
This is the time of the year we pay special attention to Tropical Events
First looking at the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico
The key question last night was “WILL THIS STORM ACTUALLY HIT FLORIDA OR WILL IT TURN NORTH BEFORE IT REACHES FLORIDA?”
It is not relevant now but the below is our analysis from last night we will leave it up until we republish tonight.
This mid-atmosphere graphic may be useful
We will not take a position contrary to the National Hurricane Center but we will not be surprised if this storm does not go aground in Florida. That leaves a lot of possibilities further north. We also have questions about the strength of this storm as it gets closer to Florida. It may then be getting weaker, not stronger.
This may be only a partial list of prior Florida Hurricanes but it is our initial effort to provide some context to the current situation. Unfortunately, I do not have them set up so that you can click on each separately and get the history. But if you search on each Hurricane Name, you will find lots of information on each one.
Switching to the Eastern Pacific
And the Central Pacific.
Central Pacific Storms
Updates on individual named storms can be obtained here.
And the Western Pacific
Here is the current daily Short-Term Forecast
Click here for updates to this NWS/WPC Discussion.
Looking out farther out. This report does not update during weekends.
Click here for updates of the Day 3 -7 Hazards forecast.
The following map shows where mesoscale events are occurring or forecast. If you do not see any areas highlight on this map than there are no mesoscale events taking place or forecast. A mesoscale event is a very serious situation for a very small area and detailed information is provided for these events when they occur or are forecast. If a mesoscale event is shown, click on the map and more detail on the event will be shown.
Two different part of the NWS issue this map and they are not always in agreement although they are pretty close. They (Norman Oklahoma and College Park Maryland) issue the alerts when they realize the need so it is best to look on both maps and click one or both if you see areas highlighted.
This next map showing where “Headlines” have been issued for convection (and an animation of the recent movement of storms) should update and you should be able to click on to get additional details but if it does not update when you click on it, click here.
There is a slight difference between convection and thunderstorms. The below map shows where “Headlines” have been issued for Thunderstorms. You should be able to click on the map to get additional details but if it does not update, you can click here.
The map below shows the current wildfire risk which becomes more significant as we move into Summer. When you click on this image it takes you to the SPC Fire Warning Page and you get a set of maps for Days 1, 2, 3 – 8, etc. You can then click on those for more detailed information. The map is a bit blurry as I tried to make it a bit larger than the map provided by NOAA but should be able to see where the current wildfire risks are. But if you click on this map, you will get to see three maps that show the risk for different time periods.
Now the Day 3 – 7 Hazards Outlook
The orange and red outlined areas are what is of most concerning of the forecasted Day 3 – 7 Hazards. This graphic does not update during the weekend. There is a discussion that goes with this graphic and you can access that discussion here.
The following is provided to help the reader relate the maps to how NWS will describe an area of the U.S.
Now to our More Detailed Report
This graphic is about Atmospheric Rivers i.e. thick concentrated movements of water moisture. More explanation on Atmospheric Rivers can be found by clicking here or if you want more theoretical information by clicking here. The idea is that we have now concluded that moisture often moves via narrow but deep channels in the atmosphere (especially when the source of the moisture is over water) rather than being very spread out. This raises the potential for extreme precipitation events.
Since the AR imagery was not working recently, we added some substitute images which I will leave in for now. Enjoy.
And the East Coast
Here is the web site where this set of images can be found.
500 MB Mid-Atmosphere View
The map below is the mid-atmosphere 3–Day chart rather than the surface highs and lows and weather features. In some cases, it provides a clearer less confusing picture as it shows only the major pressure gradients. This graphic auto-updates so when you look at it you will see NOAA’s latest thinking. The speed at which these troughs and ridges travel across the nation will determine the timing of weather impacts. This graphic auto-updates I think every six hours and it changes a lot. Thinking about clockwise movements around High-Pressure Systems and counterclockwise movements around Low-Pressure Systems provides a lot of information.
|Day 3 Above, 6 Below||Day 4 Above,7 Below||Day 5 Above.|
Here are the precipitation forecasts. First the cumulative for Days 1 – 3
Then cumulative for Days 1 – 5
Then cumulative for Days 1 – 7
Remember the commentary is generally as of last Night unless updated which is indicated in the lede paragraph. The graphics auto-update so the commentary may not be up-to-date beyond the initial date of publication.
We have to start worrying about heat being a hazard.
Looking ahead to next week.
|Current watches, warnings, and advisories issued by the agencies of the National Weather Service. Hazards should show up in the various maps but the below links will take you to all outstanding watches and warnings in each category which may include some categories not covered in the various maps or difficult to find. So if there is a category of interest, click on the appropriate link below.|
Below you will see a number of different maps which are updated in real-time, making this a “live” report. If a part of one or more of the maps shows an area that is highlighted, you can click on it and get the full current report. By having the reader click on these active situations rather than having GEI do so, you will not miss any events in which you might have an interest and which we had not noticed and the page will not get cluttered with warnings, etc that have since expired.
Our focus here are events that are likely to last in the range of six hours but there can be longer or shorter events that are addressed by the Storm Prediction Center which is the main source of the information in this article. Long-term major events like a Hurricane are more likely to be in a separate article. But that may not always be the case. Since in general, all the links on this page transfer you into the NOAA system, in order to get back into this article you need to either close the tab to which you were transferred or click back on the tab that has this article.
|Live Warning Maps which If Severe Weather is Shown can be Clicked on to get more detail about these events. If there is a current warning shown on the map, click on the map for additional information related to the event.||These maps are updated as risks are identified.|
|This is the current graphic showing any mesoscale discussions (MD’s) which are in effect over the contiguous United States. Please read the description of the purpose of our MD’s for further information. Details on all valid MD’s may be found on our Current Mesoscale Discussions page.|
|This is today’s forecast for organized severe thunderstorms over the contiguous United States. Please read the description of the risk categories for further information. You may find the latest Day 1 Outlook available as well as all Outlooks issued today online.||Today’s Outlook|
|This is tomorrow’s forecast for organized severe thunderstorms over the contiguous United States. Please read the description of the risk categories for further information. The latest Day 2 Outlook is available as well as all Outlooks that have been issued today.||Tomorrow’s Outlook|
|This is the day after tomorrow’s (day 3) forecast for organized severe thunderstorms over the contiguous United States. Please read the description of the risk categories for further information. The latest Day 3 Outlook is available as well as all Outlooks that have been issued today.||Day 3 Outlook|
|This is the day 4-8 forecast for organized severe thunderstorms over the contiguous United States. The latest Day 4-8 Outlook is available as well as all Outlooks that have been issued today. Note: A severe weather area depicted in the Day 4-8 period indicates a 30% or higher probability for severe thunderstorms (e.g. a 30% chance that a severe thunderstorm will occur within 25 miles of any point).||Day 4-8 Outlook|
|The Thunderstorm Outlooks depict the probability of thunderstorm across the contiguous United States in 4 or 8 hour time periods. The probabilistic forecast directly expresses the best estimate of a thunderstorm occurring within 12 miles of a point. The three probabilistic forecast thresholds are 10, 40, and 70 percent.||Thunderstorm Outlook|
|Fire Weather Outlooks|
|This is today’s forecast for organized wildfires over the contiguous United States. Please read the description of the risk categories for further information about this product.||Today’s Outlook|
|This is tomorrow’s forecast for organized wildfires over the contiguous United States. Please read the description of the risk categories for further information about this product.||Tomorrow’s Outlook|
|This is day 3-8 forecast for organized wildfires over the contiguous United States. Please read the description of the risk categories for further information about this product.||Day 3-8 Outlook|