Econintersect: The blog site Visualizing Economics has a graphic that summarizes what the Federal income tax burden is for each state and how much Federal benefit each state receives. The disparities are remarkable. Most of the highest tax payers are not among the top beneficiaries. The top five payers tax payers are (in rank order from most paid per capita): District of Columbia, Connecticut, New Jersey, Massachucetts and Maryland. The top five benficiaries are: District of Columbia, Alaska, Virginia, Maryland and New Mexico.Two states receive more than twice as much back from Washington as they pay in taxes and two states receive less than 2/3 of what they pay back. The top five in receipts relative to payments are New Mexico, Mississippi, Alaska, Louisiana and West Virginia.
The top five in payments relative to receipts are New Jersey, Nevada, Connecticut, New Hampshire and Minnesota.
Here is the entire graphic from Visualizing Economics:
Source: Visualizing Economics