Written by Steven Hansen
The Conference Board’s Employment Trends Index for April 2014 – which forecasts employment for the next 6 months – strengthened. The rate of year-over-year growth improved, and this was the second month in a row of improvement in the three month rolling average rate of growth.
The Conference Board believes future employment growth will likely be solid in the coming months – and Econintersect‘s own employment index is saying that economic pressures will push better employment in the coming months.
From the Conference Board:
The Conference Board Employment Trends Index™ (ETI) increased in April. The index now stands at 118.00, up from 117.77 (an upward revision) in March. This represents a 5.5 percent gain in the ETI compared to a year ago.
“April’s increase in the Employment Trends Index, and continued improvement in recent months, is signaling solid job growth through the summer,” said Gad Levanon, Director of Macroeconomic Research at The Conference Board. “Despite the disappointing GDP figure for the first quarter, job growth remains robust and when coupled with the massive retirement of baby boomers will result in a continued rapid decline in the unemployment rate.”
April’s increase in the ETI was driven by positive contributions from five of its eight components. In order from the largest positive contributor to the smallest, these were: Percentage of Firms with Positions Not Able to Fill Right Now, Number of Temporary Employees, Industrial Production, Job Openings, and Initial Claims for Unemployment Insurance.
To add context to this index, the following graph compares BLS non-farm payrolls, the Econintersect Employment Index, and The Conference Board ETI. Econintersect uses non-labor and mostly non-monetary economic pulse points in constructing its index, while The Conference Board uses mostly elements of employment data.
Comparing BLS Non-Farm Employment YoY Improvement (blue line, left axis) with Econintersect Employment Index YoY Improvement (red line, left axis) and The Conference Board ETI YoY Improvement (yellow line, right axis)
The graph above offsets the Conference Board ETI by 5 months. Econintersect sees employment strengthening beginning in February (red line). Note that the rate of growth of the Conference Board’s Employment Index has been in the same range for the last two years.
Caveats on the Employment Trends Index
According to the Conference Board:
The Employment Trends Index aggregates eight labor-market indicators, each of which has proven accurate in its own area. Aggregating individual indicators into a composite index filters out “noise” to show underlying trends more clearly.
The eight labor-market indicators aggregated into the Employment Trends Index include:
- Percentage of Respondents Who Say They Find “Jobs Hard to Get” (The Conference Board Consumer Confidence Survey
- Initial Claims for Unemployment Insurance (U.S. Department of Labor)
- Percentage of Firms With Positions Not Able to Fill Right Now (© National Federation of Independent Business Research Foundation)
- Number of Employees Hired by the Temporary-Help Industry (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics)
- Part-Time Workers for Economic Reasons (BLS)
- Job Openings (BLS)
- Industrial Production (Federal Reserve Board)
- Real Manufacturing and Trade Sales (U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis)
Unfortunately many of these indices are not accurate in real time being subject to at times significant backward revision.
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