The Collision Between the Fed's Failings and USA Stocks

June 30th, 2011
in contributors

by Guest Author Jon D. Markman (see bio at end of post)

Major U.S. stocks were under pressure during most of the past week as new worries about Eurozone sovereign debt and a disastrous press conference by U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke corroded confidence.

This time, it was not just Greece that was pushing sellers' hot button, but also Italy, as the Mediterranean nation's banks are believed to have excessive exposure to troubled loans in the region. But at the center of the troubles was Bernanke, who looked helpless as an Econ 101 student in a master's class when asked by the media to explain why the economy was not improving as fast as expected.

Follow up:

On the plus side of the ledger this was a stronger-than-forecast increase in U.S. durable goods orders, some very upbeat inflation comments from China, and an improvement in German business confidence.

So where are we now?

Well, my premise at the start of the year was that you would not have to get too fancy to beat the broad market indexes, which are weighed down by troubles at the banks. The idea was you would not even have to get as fancy as picking the right world regions or sectors, like last year. Instead, you could put a large part of your portfolio in something as prosaic as the growth half of the S&P 400 Midcap Index - the iShares Midcap Growth Fund ETF(NYSE: IJK) fund - and let it ride.

That worked for my through mid-May, then it stopped out for a fat gain. Now it looks good to go again, as long as bulls man up and make a stand right here, right now.

I have recommended keeping portfolios a lot lighter than usual during the European sovereign debt crisis, just in case the market - acting as the collective unconscious - is giving us a signal that there is something really wrong on the road ahead.

But if we ever get an all-clear sign in the form of one or two high-volume, high-intensity up days heading into earnings season, investors can go back full tilt boogie on mid-cap growth stocks.

Now mind you, we may never get that all-clear sign. And we may need to recognize that there could be a slide into the fall culminating with an epic wipeout that would lead us to try to buy another fantastic bottom like March 2009.

But for now, let's just be happy that mid-cap growth is still up 7% for the year. Add on 5.5% gain from our high-yield mortgage bond fund positions, like DoubleLine Total Return (MUTF: DBLTX), and you're up 12% in half a year. That's excellent. Now is time to preserve that, and add on.

Keeping Your Cane Close

Now what if the all-clear sign never appears?

The riskier sector funds are probably going to act more like trading vehicles than long-term investments over the next few months. Active investors will need to prepare to sell at resistance and buy at support until we can get past this rocky stretch and go back to long-term holds.

My strongest hope is if the market is super-choppy through early fall, we will end up with enough winnings set aside that we can buy into a distinct low in October.

Of course, that's easier said than done. But with any luck, we will have the opportunity to get out our canes in the fashion of the great Henry Clews -- the Civil War and Gilded Age era financier who wrote about his experiences in the 1887 classicTwenty Eight Years in Wall Street.

Clews wrote:

''But few gain sufficient experience in Wall Street to command success until they reach that period of life in which they have one foot in the grave. When this time comes, these old veterans of the Street usually spend long intervals of repose at their comfortable homes, and in times of panic, which recur sometimes oftener than once a year, these old fellows will be seen in Wall Street, hobbling down on their canes to their brokers; offices.

"Then they always buy good stocks to the extent of their bank balances, which they have been permitted to accumulate for just such an emergency. The panic usually rages until enough of these cash purchases of stock is made to afford a big "rake in." When the panic has spent its force, these old fellows, who have been resting judiciously on their oars in expectation of the inevitable event, which usually returns with the regularity of the seasons, quickly realize, deposit their profits with their bankers, or the overplus thereof, after purchasing more real estate that is on the upgrade, for permanent investment, and retire for another season to the quietude of their splendid homes and the bosoms of their happy families."

So now if I say in October "get out the canes" you will know what I am referring to.

The Fed's Failings

The Federal Reserve's statement after its rate-setting committee meeting acknowledged the recent weakening in the economy and in employment but tied them to temporary factors, arguing that the recovery is ''continuing at a moderate pace.''

The key wrinkle that emerged was the notion that the Fed did not intervene last year to help the economyper sebut to stave off deflation. This notion has always been a part of the Fed's communications, but it has not been given the primary role that it is being accorded now.

Bernanke said in his press conference that the Fed only acted last year because the falling rate of inflation last summer suggested that deflation was becoming a serious threat. The subsequent rebound in core inflation suggests that threat has eased, he argued, at least for now.

Strip away the niceties, and here's what you have: He has decided to declare victory and go home.

Paraphrasing again, in my view Bernanke is saying: "QE2 solved the problem of the threat of deflation. Oh, you thought it was supposed to help the economy? You are mistaken."

The Fed can deflect blame for the idea that QE2 did not boost the economy by claiming it was not supposed to. This is new, and I do not think it is market-friendly.

The Bottom Line:
The Fed is likely to stay on the sidelines the rest of this year. If core inflation is falling next year, and lower government spending means that economic growth will be muted, we can still expect the Fed to loosen rather than tighten monetary policy somehow - most likely with something akin to QE3. In short, don't expect another round of large-scale asset purchases of the type that have supported the market for the past nine months.

It's hard to see how any of this is going to be a positive for stocks, but I would love to be surprised to learn that this scenario has already been discounted.

The Week Ahead

Monday June 27: Personal income for May; personal consumption expenditures for May; Core PCE price index for May

Tuesday June 28: Conference board consumer confidence index for June

Thursday June 30: Initial jobless claims for week of June 18; Chicago PMI for June 11

Friday July 1: Motor vehicle domestic sales; Reuters/University of Michigan consumer sentiment index; composite index of ISM manufacturing survey; construction spending.

Note: Usually non-farm payrolls is released on the first Friday of the month. This time it will be released on the second Friday instead, on July 8.

News and Related Story Links:

Money Morning: Expect Bernanke, Fed to Again Downplay Threat of Inflation

Money Morning: The U.S. Federal Reserve Plan For QE3 - And Why It's a Done Deal

Money Morning: Don't Get Suckered by Wall Street's Wimpy Gold Price Forecasts

Money Morning: The One Thing To Watch as the Fed Abandons U.S. Stocks


This article was originally published Monday 6-27-2011 at Money Morning: What the Future Holds for U.S. Stocks in Light of the Fed’s Failings


Jon D. Markman brings a unique perspective as a Money Morning contributor. And with good reason: During the past two decades, Markman has worked as both a journalist/commentator and as an actual portfolio manager. In addition to his contributions to Money Morning, Markman manages The Markman Portfolios, and is the editor of two premium investment research services: Strategic Advantage and Trader’s Advantage.

From 1982 to 1997, Markman was an editor, reporter and investments columnist at the Los Angeles Times. In 1992 and 1994 he was a news editor on staffs that won Pulitzer Prizes, the top award a journalist can receive. From 1997 to 2002, Markman was managing editor of CNBC on MSN Money. He received Sigma Delta Chi/Society of Professional Journalists regional and national awards for his 2001 reporting on the Enron scandal, as well as for his work chronicling the financial impact of the Sept. 11 terror attacks. He has also received the prestigious Gerald Loeb Award for Distinguished Financial Journalism for his work exposing flaws in the management of the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index.

Markman is the author of four books, including the bestsellers Online Investing (1999) and Swing Trading (2003). His fourth book – an annotated version of the widely read investment classic, Reminiscences of a Stock Operator – debuted in late 2009. Markman is also the co-inventor on two investment-software patents.

A graduate of both Duke University and Columbia University, Markman is a regular guest on radio and television, and at investment conferences – sought out for his insights on stocks, credit and the global economy. Markman lives with his family in Seattle.

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