by Dirk Ehnts
Søren Kierkegaard’s 1849 classic The Sickness unto Death provides us with some thoughts about debt and sin. Let me present a quote from the Penguin Great Ideas edition of the book (p.131):
Also the law for the growth of this continuity differs from that of a debt or a negation. A debt does not grow by not being paid back, it grows every time it is increased. But sin grows every moment one fails to get out of it. Far from being correct in thinking that only new sin increases the sin, it is his being in a state of sin that, in Christian terms, puts the sinner in the greater sin, it is the new sin. We even have a proverb which says that to err is human while to remain in error is of the devil. Follow up:
Let me repeat what I think involves a little lesson: “A debt does not grow by not being paid back, it grows every time it is increased“. Thinking of European (Greek, Portuguese, Irish, …) debt this is certainly true. As long as you pay the interest on your debt, your debt does not grow. Now for the interesting part: “But sin grows every moment one fails to get out of it“. Now think of unemployment in the European net debtor countries (the PIIGS). Every moment that unemployment stays at levels which are equal to a sin, the problem gets worse. By this is want to say that stabilizing unemployment at double-digit levels cannot be the solution to the problem of unemployment. Persistent high unemployment will create social problems. Young people are especially hard hit by unemployment, and they will lose their perspective it is goes on for too long. Monetary policy is not the only issue where expectations matter – unemployed people look at the macroeconomic situation and then decide how to deal with it.
The map shows Eurostat data on unemployment in Europe. Light yellow indicates a rate of 0-5, dark yellow 5-7.5, light orange 7.5-10, dark orange 10-15 and red above 15 percent of unemployment.
From this perpsective, the European unemployment problem needs to be attacked. It is not enough to stabilize unemployment at high levels, since the “original sin” will be a major burden in the future as human capital is wasted and social systems fall apart. In Spain, the most-viewed article of today’s EL PAIS comments on a TV programme on the Civil War which puts the blame on the (left-wing) people behind a political murder of a right-wing politician. This, the article assures, is not what history books tell us.In other news, Javier Cercas’ recent novel Memoria de un instante redraws the (right-wing) coup d’etat of 1981. While Spain should certainly confront its ghosts of the past, this might not be the perfect moment.
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End of the Shell Game? by Dirk Ehnts
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Greece: No Deal Without a National Referendum by Michael Hudson
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Dr. Dirk Ehnts is a research assistant at the Carl-von-Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (Germany). His focus is on economic integration and economic geography, covering trade, macro and development. He is working at the chair for international economics since 2006 and has recently co-authored a book on Innovation and International Economic Relations (in German). Ehnts has written at his own blog since 2007: Econblog 101. Curriculum Vitae.