China: Official PMI Steadies

April 1st, 2014
in econ_news, syndication

breaking-news-130px7Econintersect:  The official government manufacturing PMI (Purchasing Managers' Index) appears to be stabilizing for March with a reading of 50.3, up insignificantly from February's reading of 50.2.  Readings above 50 correspond to an expanding manufacturing sector.  The reading was right in line with expectations, according to The Sydney Morning Herald.  A second private survey by HSBC remained under 50.  The two surveys cover different companies.

Follow up:

The HSBC/Markit Manufacturing PMI produced a final reading for March of 48.0, not significantly different than the 48.1 "flash" (preliminary) reading last week.  The new reading is significantly lower than February's 48.5.  The only encouraging part of the HSBC report was that new export orders strengthened for the first time in four months.  However the important areas of new orders overall, as well as output, were weaker in March than previous months.

Hongbin Qu, Chief Economist, China & Co-Head of Asian Economic Research at HSBC commented on the latest report:

"The final reading of the HSBC China Manufacturing PMI in March confirmed the weakness of domestic demand conditions. This implies that 1Q GDP growth is likely to have fallen below the annual growth target of 7.5%. We expect Beijing to fine-tune policy sooner rather than later to stabilise growth."

Click on graphics for larger image.
HSBC-final-pmi-product-new-ord-2014-apr-01-600px

The official PMI survey covers mostly large and state owned industries while the HSBC survey covers mostly privately held small and mid-sized companies.

A Financial Times report by Tom Mitchell provides some worrisome details about how some of China's large companies are "padding out bottom lines".  Such things as rescheduling debt payments, selling off assets and inter-group accounting "treatments" are beefing up bottom line, to avoid declaring losses or decreasing the size of losses.

Econintersect worries that accounting shenanigans may not be visible to the purchasing managers staff that completes the monthly survey, and even if it is, these people may not fully appreciate how temporary and stop-gap such accounting ploys can be.

Click on image of first page below for full HSBC/Markit report (pdf):

hsbc-pmi-first-page-2014-apr-01

John Lounsbury

Sources:









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