Was Money Created to Overcome Barter?

by Reynold F. Nesiba, New Economic Perspectives This past May, marked the one hundredth anniversary of A. Mitchell Innes’s (1913) publication of a paper titled, “What is Money?” in The Banking Law Journal.  In it, this British diplomat, then living in the US, reviewed the history and usage of money and its forms in credit …

The 2013 Economic Outlook – Bright Sunshine for the U.S., Periods of Cloud Abroad

by Paul Kasriel, The Econtrarian Author’s Warning: Do not attempt reading the entirety of this commentary without the aid of your stimulant of choice. I apologize for the length of the commentary, but believed it necessary in order to inform new readers of my basic approach to macroeconomics. In future shorter (I promise) commentaries, there …

Is Consumer Credit Fueling Retail Sales Growth?

Written by Steven Hansen Last week I posed the question whether the consumer was returning. It seems to be a common perception that consumer credit is driving the retail economic expansion. Below is a set of graphs that may surprise. Consumer credit is expanding at an annual rate of 7.75% according the G.19 consumer credit …

Student Debt Likely to Grow to 7.7% of USA Gross Public Debt by 2020

by EconMatters Student loan debt is surging, partly boosted by many who became unemployed during the Great Recession going back to school hoping for a better job prospect.  An analysis by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY) showed that student loan debt stands at $870 billion nationally, surpassing the nation’s outstanding balance on …