May 2012 Economic Forecast: Continued Expansion Predicted

Written by Steven Hansen

The Econintersect May 2012 economic index shows underlying economic fundamentals continue to show economic expansion – and the dip in the rate of growth rebounded somewhat in this forecast.

As of the end of April 2012, rail’s growth year-over-year is not strong.  To support a continuing expansion view with rail data, one must ignore coal shipments or rail is contracting.  Truck shipments are pointing to a 2% growth economy this year (using GDP as the metric).  Recession markers of real GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales growth remain well away from recession territory.

Several things are becoming apparent:

  • the “New Normal” economy is pulsing or growing in unpredictable spurts;
  • the consumer is still consuming;
  • jobs growth has disconnected from known economic fundamentals.

These pulses cause some economists to believe the economy is heading towards a recession – as forecasts use growth rate-of-change to assess economic trends. Further, these cycles are out of phase with the calendar – and seasonal adjusting methodology seems to exaggerate these cycles.

Recession markers used are based on seasonally adjusted data which is revised for months after issuance – and normally a recession is not obvious for many months. The Econintersect forecast is based on non-adjusted data which for the most part is not subject to revision.

Economic downturns have been signaled watching the manufacturing portion only of Industrial Production. Manufacturing year-over-year growth normally is trending “less good” going into a recession. Currently this index is above year-over-year growth levels associated with past recessions.

Econintersect uses truck transport portion of employment to search for impending recessions. Look at the year-over-year zero growth line. For the last two recessions it has offered a six month warning of an impending recession with no false warnings. Transport is an economic warning indicator because it moves goods well before final retail sales occur. Until people stop eating or buying goods, transport will remain one of the primary economic pulse points.

Transport employment growth is far above the zero growth line. As transport provides a six month recession warning – the implication is that any possible recession is further than six months away.

Econintersect does not use employment in its economic forecast.

An almost real time validator of economic growth is Federal tax revenue which is released monthly. It is a noisy index that requires averaging to be interpretative. However, this is a rear view look.

A note of clarification: “less good” is another way of saying that something shows positive growth but the rate of growth is declining (slowing down). A analogy to physics: less good = positive velocity and negative acceleration. Conversely: “less bad” means that something shows negative growth but the rate of negative change is lessening. Thus: less bad = negative velocity and positive acceleration.

A Longer View and Caveats

There are no recessionary indications evident.

Econintersect notes that most elements of the economy (inflation adjusted) have NOT recovered to levels they had before the 2007-2009 recession. If this was prior to WWII, economists would consider the current USA economic state as a depression. Some actually do think we are in a depression, see Steve Keen, for example.

Econintersect believes that the New Normal economy has different dynamics than most economic models.

As Econintersect continues to back check its model, from time-to-time makes slight adjustments to the data sets and methodology to align it with the actual coincident data appropriate for Main Street. To date, when any realignment was done, no change altered trend lines or recession indications. Most changes to date were to remove data sets which had unacceptable backward revisions. Documentation for this index was in the October 2011 forecast.

Economic Forecast Data

Econintersect‘s Economic Index (EEI) is designed to spot Main Street and business economic turning points. This forecast is based on the index’s three month moving average.

The EEI is a non-monetary based economic index which counts “things” that have shown to be indicative of direction of the Main Street economy at least 30 days in the future. Note that the Econintersect Economic Index is not constructed to mimic GDP (although there are general correlations), but tries to model the economic rate of change seen by business and Main Street.

The red line on the EEI is the 3 month moving average which is at 0.45 (improved from last month’s 0.35), while the monthly index rose from 0.25 to 0.50. The economic forecast is based on the 3 month moving average as the monthly index is very noisy. Readings below 0.4 indicate a weak economy, while readings below 0.0 indicate contraction.

On the above chart, the economic pulse pattern for economic growth can be clearly seen – and that pulse pattern did not exist in the index prior to the 2007 recession. The question is why.

Consumer and business behavior (which is the basis of the EEI) either lead or follow old fashion industrial age measures such as GDP depending on the dynamic which is driving the economy.

Jobs Growth Forecast Improves

The Econintersect Employment Index is forecasting slightly improving job creation short term for May – but a longer term outlook is trending less good.

The EEI is based on economic elements which create jobs. Econintersect’s Jobs index (explanation here) measures the historical dynamics which lead to the creation of jobs. It measures general factors, but it is not precise (quantitatively) as many specific factors influence the exact timing of hiring. This index should be thought of as a measurement of jobs creation pressures.

At the present time, jobs growth year-over-year is above the levels forecast by the Econintersect’s Jobs Index. The table below lists the private non-farm payroll forecasts against the current (not original headline) BLS private non-farm payrolls. Please note that the BLS data continuously is revised, and this employment forecast section of the economic forecast uses the most current BLS estimates.

Still, the EEI is predicting fewer jobs then are actually occurring. A discussion of the problem is in Ben Bernanke and the Puzzle of Employment. It seems employment has careened off on its own path.



Current Actual*

July 2011 135,000 175,000
August 2011 145,000 52,000
September 2011 145,000 216,000
October 2011 145,000 139,000
November 2011 125,000 178,000
December 2011 100,000 234,000
January 2012 90,000 277,000
February 2012 95,000 233,000
March 2012 125,000 121,000
April 2012 130,000 (260,000)**
May 2012 130,000 (260,000)**

* the current estimate of month-over-month growth

** fudged growth based on deviation between forecast & actual

Econintersect is adding a fudge factor (based on deviance over the last 6 months) to the May jobs estimate and projects jobs growth at 260,000 (same as April as underlying conditions are little changed).

Analysis of Economic Indicators:

Econintersect analyzes all major economic indicators. The table below contains hyperlinks to posts. The right column “Predictive” means this particular indicator has a leading component (usually other then the index itself) – in other words has a good correlation to future economic conditions.

Links to Analysis Of Indicators:

Leading Indicators
ECRI economic forecasts x
Leading Economic Indicator x
Economic Metrics
Gross Domestic Product
Chicago Fed National Activity Index x
Federal Reserve View of Economy (Beige Book)
Federal Reserve FOMC Meetings
Trade Balance x
Ceridan-UCLA Diesel Based PCI x
Rail Traffic x
Sea Container Counts x
Truck Transport Tonnage
University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment
Consumer Credit
Conference Board Consumer Confidence
Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE)
Prices and Inflation – CPI, PPI and Export/Import
Business & Manufacturing
Wholesale Sales
Retail Sales
ISM Non-Manufacturing Survey x
Manufacturing Sales
ISM Manufacturing Survey
Durable Goods
Industrial Production x
Empire State Manufacturing Survey
Philly Fed Business Survey
Construction Spending
New Home Construction
Real Estate
Pending Home Sales
Case-Shiller Home Price Index
New Home Sales
Existing Home Sales
CoreLogic Home Price Index
Weekly Initial Unemployment Claims
Job Opening and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) x
Bureau Of Labor Statistics Jobs Report x
ADP Employment Report

General Economic Indicators:

Monthly Data: [click here to go to source file]

Quarterly Data: [click here to go to source file]

Aruoba-Diebold-Scotti Business Conditions Index: [click here for source file]

Past EEI Forecasts