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Terrible Data Week: Is Inflation the Cause?

May 2011 has been the worst month for data releases so far this year.  QE2 will be shortly ending.  The market direction appears unclear.

This week gave us terrible advance durable goods data.  Econintersect had forecast an economic cycle peak in April, but durable goods data was not a peak – but a contraction when inflation is considered (analysis here).

This view that a contraction occurred is confirmed when you view order backlog which fell slightly.  Backlog is manufacturing fat – it grows when there is expansion, and when order booking falls provides a cushion and there is a contraction.  Admittedly this contraction is statistically insignificant if measured by backlog.

The last of the April 2011 data will be coming shortly.  Manufacturing (including final durable goods) will be revealed next week, as well as employment complements of ADP and BLS.  Jobs growth is the best metric of “real” economic growth.

Durable goods is not a driver in the new normal economy contributing less than 5% of employment – but has contributed to the economic growth since the last part of 2010.  Most of the employment growth has come from the service end of the economy.

The durable goods numbers did cause us to take a second look at the data reviewed this year.  As Econintersect counts “things”, and does not base their economic evaluation on money flows – inflation has been ignored in our evaluation of US Census / Commerce Department data.

The data used in the above graph is new orders for both manufacturing and retail sales -  and not seasonally adjusted (NSA), but has been adjusted for inflation.   For the inflation adjustment: in the case of manufacturing, the non-seasonally adjusted Producer Price Index (finished goods) was used – and for retail sales, the non-seasonally adjusted Consumer Price Index (all items except shelter) was used.

This data is roughly proximate to the YoY transport counts we are seeing – somewhere around 4% YoY improvement.  Compare this to GDP which is 1.8% (analysis here).  When you count things you can see that the economy is expanding.

There is little question that YoY improvements have been trending lower over the last six months, and if the current trend lines continue, the economy will be recessing within a year.  But to think this way requires an assumption that the economy is static – and it is not.  Further, as the year progresses – it will come up against weaker comparable data – and look stronger in comparison.

For now, it should be assumed the poor durable goods data is resulting from strong YoY comparables, and a consumer retrenchment due to having to fill their gas tank rather than buying a new car.  The consumer is still spending, but rising prices limits the number of things their static paychecks can buy.

Main Street has seen no real recovery from the Great Recession.  The consumer is somewhat limited in experiencing a further contraction in spending – after all “yah gotta eat and get to work.”

The consumer is limiting trips to the broader consumption trough in order to continue to get the basic living essentials  - and this translates into continuing economic malaise.

Economic News this Week:

Econintersect’s economic forecast for May 2011 indicates a peaking of this current economic sub-cycle.  In simple words, the same rate of improvement of the moderate recovery seen in March and April will continue in May.

This week the Weekly Leading Index (WLI) from ECRI declined from 5.3%  to 5.0%.  This level implies the business conditions six months from now will be approximately the same or slightly improved compared to today.

The four week moving average of initial unemployment claims fell slightly this week.  As the data has been quite noisy, the 4 week moving average is the best way to view the data.  Econintersect’s articles this week included a linkage between the fall in stimulus to the less good unemployment data (analysis here).

The April data released this week shows an economy whose rate of expansion continues to contract – this could be a reporting  anomaly influenced by the Japanese disaster, new normal seasonal factors, or it could be the economic cycle peak Econintersect forecast in April.

Weekly Economic Release Scorecard:

Item Headline Analysis
Consumer Metrics
Down
Rick Davis shows the deviation between Main Street and GDP.
UM Consumer Sentiment
Up
Doug Short technically reviews this unexpected improvement
April PCE
Up
Considering inflation and population growth – data is flat to negative
April Pending Home Sales
Down
Seriously terrible data – there is no way to spin this 26% decline as good
1Q2011 GDP
Unchanged
Rick Davis sees growing consumer headwinds
Initial Unemployment Claims
Up
What effect does the lower stimulus of the economy effect initial unemployment claims?
1Q2011 GDP
Unchanged
Doug Short joins me in breaking down 1Q2011 GDP
Short Sales
Up 25%
CoreLogic says it causes headwinds for stabilizing home prices
Wines In China

Elliott Morss describes the snob appeal of Bordeaux
April Durable Goods
Down
Durable goods sales had an outright contraction YoY
April New Home Sales
Up
Maybe up, but the data is so terrible you cannot dress up this ugly pig
May Auto Sales
Down
John Lounsbury puts car sales into perspective
Mortgage Delinquencies

Keith Jurow charts out growing homeowner serious deliquencies which can only end in foreclosure
April CFNAI
Declined
Shows the economy was still expanding but less good MoM in April
Obesity and Health Care Costs

Elliott Morss looks for investment opportunities
Consumer Metrics

Rick Davis shares graphically the terrible state of the consumer
China & Germany

Dirk Ehnts shows how the big exporters’ imbalances are growing again
Eurozone Banking Crisis

Clive Corcoran describes the current crisis as alternatively national and European
Identifying THE current economic problem

Frank Li is hitting hard at American politics which he claims is “cancerous”
Reinventing the Economy

Rick Davis’ current essay installment on getting a recovery going on Main Street
Homeowner Association Foreclosures

Kieth Jurow lists of a litany of abuses by Homeowner’s Associations
Oil vs S&P 500

Albertarocks illuminates graphically how poorly stocks have done vs. commodities
Commodities

Eric McCurdy believes a commodity correction is likely

Bankruptcies this Week: Protein Polymer Technologies (PPTI), Jackson Hewitt Tax Service

Failed Banks this Week:


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