Gasoline Use Down, Recession Possibility Up

Written by Steven Hansen

There are enough analysts believing the USA is in, or about to be in, a recession – that one is kept in a higher alert status for signs.  These informed opinions need to be taken seriously as the economy remains so weakly expanding that only small movements in growth could produce the criteria of a recession.

And recession determinations are not as straight forward as most believe.  I keep tripping back to the “strange” recession of 2001 where the BEA completely revised away negative GDP, and the start date of this recession (peak economic activity – if one uses some of the indicators the NBER normally uses to firmly affix the start date) – is in 1Q2000 (instead of 1Q2001).

No matter how much pundits spout (or the NBER rambles on their website) about the quantitative aspects of determining recessions, in the final analysis – it is simply an opinion based on moving data points.

I will not be badmouthing those who, based on their “opinion,” have welcomed you to the Recession of 2012 even though I do not believe we are in a recession using current definitions.  More importantly non-monetary real time measures (except container counts) are not recessing yet.

The past week several pundits have pointed to falling gasoline consumption as an indicator of a recession.  Fuel consumption intuitively SHOULD be an important and real economic indicator as modern economies are based on energy.  But alas, I have been frustrated in the past trying to correlate fuel consumption to the economy – and the Ceridian-UCLA Pulse of Commerce Index crashed and burned trying to correlate diesel to the economy.

The mistake we continue to make is believing the post Great Recession economy is similar to the economy of the 20th century.  Fuel usage historically correlated well to economic activity – but no more.

To demonstrate the randomness of using gasoline consumption as an economic metric, look at the year-over-year data comparing miles driven versus gasoline consumed.  There is just not a good correlation between car usage and gasoline sales.

The economy cannot be defined by a single metric – and thus fuel consumption is distorted by improving fuel consumption statistics, elasticity in demand due to price, and continuing new normal changes in consumer behavior.

Other Economic News this Week:

The Econintersect economic forecast for September 2012 shows moderate growth continuing. Overall, trend lines seem to be stable even with the fireworks in Europe, and poor data from China. There is a whiff of recession in the hard data – excluding certain surveys are at recession levels – with container imports contracting for two months in a row.

ECRI is still insisting a recession is here (a 07Sep2012 post on their website). ECRI first stated in September 2011 a recession was coming . The size and depth is unknown. The ECRI WLI growth index value improved this week enjoying its fourth week in positive territory. The index is indicating the economy six month from today will be slightly better than it is today.

Current ECRI WLI Growth Index

/images/z weekly_indexes.PNG

Initial unemployment claims were unchanged – from 382,000 (reported last week) to 382,000 this week. Historically, claims exceeding 400,000 per week usually occur when employment gains are less than the workforce growth, resulting in an increasing unemployment rate (background here and here). The real gauge – the 4 week moving average – rose slightly from 375,000 (reported last week) to 377,750. Because of the noise (week-to-week movements from abnormal events AND the backward revisions to previous weeks releases), the 4-week average remains the reliable gauge.

Weekly Initial Unemployment Claims – 4 Week Average – Seasonally Adjusted – 2010 (blue line), 2011 (red line), 2012 (green line)

/images/z unemployment.PNG

Data released this week which contained economically intuitive components (forward looking) were

  • Rail movements (where the economic intuitive components continue to be indicating a moderately expanding economy).
  • The import portion of container counts has contracted now two months in a row.  One should never rely on a single pulse point, but imports correlate to economic expansions and contractions.

All other data released this week does not have enough historical correlation to the economy to be considered intuitive, or is simply a coincident indicator to the economy.

Weekly Economic Release Scorecard:

Electric Vehicles Not Competitive Even With Government Subsidies
Infographic of the Day: Bizarre Dating Websites
The Myth of The Bill Clinton Presidency
Bubbles, Bubbles Everywhere: Now Gold?
Indian Equity Markets Move Higher
China: Flash PMI Up Slightly, Preliminary Reading
Japan: Export Collapse Continues
States Not Expanding Medicaid Will See Higher Private Premiums
Federal Pre-Existing Condition Coverage: Under-Subscribed
Will the Global Economy Be Sucked Into a Black Hole?
Home Sales Contract Cancellations Increasing
Rail Week Ending 15September2012: Continues to Show Weak Economic Growth
August 2012 Leading Economic Index Softens
September 2012 Philly Fed Survey Now Barely In Contraction Territory
Acting to Avoid a “Great Stagnation”
15September2012 Unemployment Claims: Remain Elevated
Infographic of the Day: Diesels – Ford vs Chevy vs Dodge
Decision Time: An Open Letter to Chancellor Merkel
Don’t Let a Rollover Roll Over You
Income Inequality Grows Significantly in 2011
Additional 2.2 million People Below Proverty Line in 2011
Obamacare: Positive Results Seen In Young Adult Insurance
Studies: Rich Vote Poor and Poor Vote Rich
Barofsky Interview: Another Financial Crisis All But Inevitable
CBO Revises Projections of Obamacare Tax Penalty
Existing Home Sales Growth Continues in August 2012
Is Federal Funding the Cause of Rising Student Tuitions?
Residential Building Growth Continues in August 2012, But a Little Soft
Infographic of the Day: Meet the CEO’s of Tomorrow
Japan: Further Monetary Easing
Weidmann Has a Faustian Moment
Investors Think S&P 500 Lost Money Each of Last Three Years
New Casinos? Buy the Equipment Makers
CBO Presentation: Choices Ahead for Spending and Taxes
Challenger Warns: Avoid Workplace Political Debate
2Q2012 USA Current Account Deficit Decreased
Infographic of the Day: The Costs of Higher Education
Stratfor: From Gadhafi to Benghazi
The Week Ahead: A Boost from Housing?
Perma-QE and Gold
Wooly Mammoth: Will it be Back to the Future?
Some Surprising Results from National Small Business Poll
Four Year Bear Market for Commodities
How to End the Crisis
Empire State Survey Very Negative in September 2012
France’s President Fights To Show He Is In Control
Why is the Fed Panicking? Real Retail Sales are Strong
Is Gold the Next “Greatest Trade Ever?”
Insider Trading 14 September 2012: Men’s Warehouse Big Sellers This Week

Bankruptcies this Week: Imaging3, Global Aviation Holdings, Pet Ecology

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