by Rick Davis
The truth is that our “gut” feelings about this economy don’t remotely match the data we are collecting. Although we explicitly trust the numbers, our “gut” tells us that something funny is at work. We have explored a number of possibilities, including:
— The increased short-term demand for housing (which should show up in conventional housing data in a couple of months) is the consequence of the rapid drop to historically low mortgage rates having pulled sales forward. After a few months the real estate markets will acclimate to the new rates and the “pulled forward” sales will create a corresponding trough.
— We looked for regional effects, particularly in the activities at home improvement chains. The theory was that a spate of highly damaging late spring storms in the mid-west and south caused a mid-summer spurt in repair and replacement work, funded in part by insurance funds. This could explain the mysterious source of the monies spent. But unfortunately a careful regional review of our actual data doesn’t support substantial differences in regional activity.
— One of the realities of the “Great Recession” was that it was (or, more accurately, is) not a fully shared experience. It makes a big difference whether you have a job or not, and whether you bought a highly leveraged home late into the housing bubble. It also matters where you live. The most glaring examples are the regional differences in the real estate market, where since June 2006 the Case-Shiller Home Price Index has crashed 59.1% in Las Vegas, 55.9% in Phoenix and 50.2% in Miami; in sharp contrast, over the same time span Bostonians have suffered “only” a 15.1% loss, home-owners in Denver have lost merely 11.1%, and the lucky residents of Dallas have seen the values of their homes drop an 8.2% pittance.
And it matters a great deal where exactly inside any of those markets your property lies, and how your neighbors have fared. We know first hand that in some select and minimally damaged neighborhoods the fine art of “flipping” by savvy and cash-rich realtor/investors is back in vogue. This raises the possibility that deep pockets of cash with nowhere else to go have begun to move back into select real estate markets, causing at least some of the recent blip in the otherwise moribund housing market.
— We continue to think that there is a new demographic cohort that was too young to be materially harmed by the housing bubble, and that those young households now have the pristine credit and down payment cash necessary to snatch up distressed properties at ridiculously low mortgage rates. That pent-up demand will not (by a long shot) clear the backlog of inventory, but it could move things off of abysmal lows.
— We think that it would be a major mistake to underestimate the impact of falling gasoline prices on discretionary spending.
— We also think that it would be a major mistake to underestimate the cash flows being freed up by those in foreclosure, arrears or default.
— And lastly, we don’t think that the social composition of America is remotely the same as it was entering the “Great Recession.” The makeup of “households” has likely changed in ways that we don’t fully understand, with living arrangements altered by the realities of the economy. And the composition of the “work force” has probably also changed in ways that unemployment surveys have failed to capture. The difference between student and unemployed has at least become murky, and we think that a great wave of entrepreneurship has been triggered out of personal necessity. This latter phenomenon has probably escaped the BLS census takers (not to mention the more real-time tax and payroll data as well), and it could be the engine for substantial growth coming up the other side of the economic chasm.