posted on 13 December 2016
from the National Federation of Independent Business
Small business optimism remained flat leading up to Election Day and then rocketed higher as business owners expected much better conditions under new leadership in Washington.
Market expectations (from Bloomberg / Econoday) was a reading between 94.9 to 97.0 (concensus 96.5) with the reported value at 98.4. Said Juanita Duggan, President and CEO of the National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB):
Explained NFIB Chief Economist Bill Dunkelberg:
The full November index, calculated as it is every month, improved 3.5 points to 98.4, which is just above the 42-year average and only the third time since 2007 that it has broken into above average territory.
Plans to hire jumped five points from the previous month. Expected higher sales rose from a net one percent in October to net 11 percent in November. But the blockbuster was expected better business conditions, which shot from a net -7 percent to 12 percent. Said Dunkelberg:
The bifurcated data was even more dramatic.
Job creation plans increased from a net nine percent through November 8th to a net 23 percent after the election. Expected higher sales rose 16 points, from a net four percent to a net 20 percent. Expected better business conditions, the biggest mover in the survey, rose from a net -6 percent to a net 38 percent, a massive 44-point spike. Dunkelberg added:
Whether small businesses remain optimistic and lift the U.S. economy depends on whether the incoming Trump administration and congressional leaders follow through on their plans to reform the tax code, repeal regulations, and fix the broken health insurance system. Duggan concluded:
Some other highlights of this Optimism Index include:
Optimism Index. The Index of Small Business Optimism rose 3.5 points to 98.4, a substantial gain to just above the 42-year average of 98. Eight of the 10 Index components posted a gain, one declined and one was unchanged. Expectations for real sales gains and outlook for business conditions accounted for 69 percent of the gain. The two employment components added 20 percent of the gain. The remaining six components were little changed.
Labor Markets. Reported job creation remained weak in November with the seasonally adjusted average employment change per firm posting a gain of 0.02 workers per firm, positive, but barely. Fifty-eight percent reported hiring or trying to hire (up 3 points), but 52 percent reported few or no qualified applicants for the positions they were trying to fill. Sixteen percent of owners cited the difficulty of finding qualified workers as their 'Single Most Important Business Problem'. Thirty-one percent of all owners reported job openings they could not fill in the current period, up 3 points and the highest reading in this recovery. The increase accurately predicted the decline in the unemployment rate from what many already call a "full employment" level. Sixteen percent reported using temporary workers, up 1 point. A seasonally adjusted net 15 percent plan to create new jobs, up 5 points from October and the strongest reading in the recovery.
Inventory and Sales. The net percent of all owners (seasonally adjusted) reporting higher nominal sales in the past three months compared to the prior three months deteriorated 1 percentage point to a net negative 8 percent. Reports of stronger consumer spending in the government numbers did not improve reports of sales gains. Seasonally adjusted, the net percent of owners expecting higher real sales volumes rose 10 points to a net 11 percent of owners, a strong showing, but still historically quite weak. The net percent of owners reporting inventory gains was unchanged at a net negative 3 percent (seasonally adjusted), typical of reports for 15 of the last 16 months. The net percent of owners viewing current inventory stocks as "too low" was unchanged at a net negative 4 percent. With weak sales expectations, current inventory stocks appear more than adequate. Still, the net percent of owners planning to add to inventory improved 2 points to a net 4 percent, perhaps reflecting strong demand in some regions of the country.
Capital Spending. Fifty-five percent reported capital outlays, down 2 points from October and trending down on a quarterly basis. The percentage of owners making an outlay peaked for this recovery in July 2015 at 61 percent, revisited that percentage in January but has faded since. The percent of owners planning capital outlays in the next 3 to 6 months fell 3 points to 24 percent. The small business sector remains in "maintenance mode". However, there was a substantial shift in expectations in the post-election data. Seasonally adjusted, the net percent expecting better business conditions rose 19 percentage points to a net 12 percent. Expectations for economic improvement and sales growth made significant gains, but plans for capital spending did not follow, declining after the election. It will take a "cooling off" period and some additional evidence on the economy to induce owners to convert their optimism into spending.
Inflation.The net percent of owners raising average selling prices was a net 5 percent (up 3 points), this is in contrast to a net 70 percent raising average prices in the 1970s. Clearly the small business sector can produce "inflation" given the opportunity to raise prices - strong growth in demand. Twelve percent of owners reported reducing their average selling prices in the past three months (down 1 point), and 14 percent reported price increases (up 1 point). Seasonally adjusted, a net 19 percent plan price hikes (up 4 points).
Earnings and Wages. A seasonally adjusted net 21 percent of owners reported raising worker compensation, down 4 points. The net percent planning to increase compensation dropped 4 points to 15 percent. The strongest reading in this recovery occurred in January with a net 27 percent reporting higher employee compensation. The lowest was a net negative 2 percent in 2009. The percent of owners citing the difficulty of finding qualified workers as their Most Important Business Problem rose 1 point to 16 percent. Earnings trends improved 1 point to a net negative 20 percent reporting quarter on quarter profit improvements. The inability of firms to raise prices limits the extent to which firms can raise worker compensation as they face shortages of some types of labor.
Credit Markets. Four percent of owners reported that all their borrowing needs were not satisfied, unchanged from October. Thirty percent reported all credit needs met (up 1 point), and 52 percent explicitly said they did not want a loan, down 1 point. Only 2 percent reported that financing was their top business problem. Thirty-one percent of all owners reported borrowing on a regular basis (up 3 points). The average rate paid on short maturity loans rose 40 basis points to 5.6 percent. Overall, loan demand remains historically weak, owners can't find many good reasons to borrow and invest, even with abundantly cheap money.
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