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posted on 02 February 2015

Construction Spending Growth Improved in December 2014. Private Sector Construction Growth Now Weaker than the Public Sector.

Written by Steven Hansen

The headlines say construction spending improved this month - the data is volatile and backward revisions distort the picture. However, the rate of growth looking at the unadjusted rolling averages has been stable but weak. Noteworthy is a continued softness in private sector construction which is now much weaker than the public sector..

The backward revision this month again were generally moderate but upward.

Econintersect analysis:

  • Growth accelerated 0.2% month-over-month and Up 3.4% year-over-year. [much of the acceleration was again due to upward revision of the previous month data].
  • Inflation adjusted construction spending up 4.3% year-over-year.
  • 3 month rolling average is 3.5% above the rolling average one year ago, and down 0.2% month-over-month. As the data is noisy (and has so much backward revision) - the moving averages likely are the best way to view construction spending.

Unadjusted Construction Spending - Three Month Rolling Average Compared to the Rolling Average One Year Ago

US Census Analysis:

  • Up 0.4% month-over-month and Up 2.2% year-over-year (versus the reported 2.4% year-over-year growth last month).
  • Market expected 0.5% to 1.5% month-over-month (consensus +0.6) versus the 0.4% reported

Construction spending (unadjusted data) was declining year-over-year for 48 straight months until November 2011. That was almost four years of headwinds for GDP. Construction spending is now in the sixteenth month of year-over-year spending expansion (unadjusted data), and the average rate of growth over the last 12 months has been approximately 5% - and this month the growth continues below that average.

Indexed and Seasonally Adjusted Total Construction Spending (blue line) and Inflation Adjusted (red line)

This month's headline statement from US Census:

The U.S. Census Bureau of the Department of Commerce announced today that construction spending during December 2014 was estimated at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $982.1 billion, 0.4 percent (±1.3%)* above the revised November estimate of $978.6 billion. The December figure is 2.2 percent (±1.6%) above the December 2013 estimate of $961.2 billion. The value of construction in 2014 was $961.4 billion, 5.6 percent (±1.2%) above the $910.8 billion spent in 2013.

PRIVATE CONSTRUCTION - Spending on private construction was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $698.6 billion, 0.1 percent (±1.0%)* above the revised November estimate of $698.2 billion. Residential construction was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $349.6 billion in December, 0.3 percent (±1.3%)* above the revised November estimate of $348.4 billion. Nonresidential construction was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $349.0 billion in December, 0.2 percent (±1.0%)* below the revised November estimate of $349.8 billion. The value of private construction in 2014 was $687.0 billion, 7.2 percent (±1.3%) above the $641.1 billion spent in 2013. Residential construction in 2014 was $350.0 billion, 4.1 percent (±2.1%) above the 2013 figure of $336.2 billion and nonresidential construction was $337.0 billion, 10.5 percent (±1.3%) above the $304.9 billion in 2013.

PUBLIC CONSTRUCTION - In December, the estimated seasonally adjusted annual rate of public construction spending was $283.5 billion, 1.1 percent (±2.1%)* above the revised November estimate of $280.4 billion. Educational construction was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $61.5 billion, 0.6 percent (±3.5%)* below the revised November estimate of $61.8 billion. Highway construction was at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $90.3 billion, 2.1 percent (±4.9%)* above the revised November estimate of $88.4 billion. The value of public construction in 2014 was $274.4 billion, 1.8 percent (±1.8%)* above the $269.6 billion spent in 2013. Educational construction in 2014 was $62.0 billion, 1.2 percent (±3.6%)* above the 2013 figure of $61.3 billion and highway construction was $84.4 billion, 4.1 percent (±4.4%)* above the $81.1 billion in 2013.

Unadjusted Total Construction Spending Year-Over-Year (blue line) and Month-over-Month (red line) Change

Unadjusted Private Construction Spending Year-Over-Year (blue line) and Month-over-Month (red line) Change

Unadjusted Public Construction Spending Year-Over-Year (blue line) and Month-over-Month (red line) Change

Private construction has been fueling construction growth this year. In recent months, the rate of growth of private construction has moderated..

Public construction is up 7.3% year-over-year (up 1.8% year-to-date) - all numbers are unadjusted. Private construction is up 2.0% year-over-year (up 7.2% year-to-date) - all numbers are unadjusted. Construction spending would have to increase by more than 45% to equal the average for 2006, 2007 and 2008. The sector is in a deep depression.

Caveats on the Use of Construction Spending Data

Although the data in this series is revised for several months after issuing, the revision is generally minor. This series is produced by sampling - and the methodology varies by sector being sampled.

The headline data is seasonally adjusted. Econintersect uses the raw unadjusted data.Econintersect determines the month-over-month change by subtracting the current month's year-over-year change from the previous month's year-over-year change. This is the best of the bad options available to determine month-over-month trends - as the preferred methodology would be to use multi-year data (but the New Normal effects and the Great Recession distort historical data).

The data set for construction spending is not inflation adjusted. Econintersect adjusts using the BLS Producers Price Index - subindex New Construction (PCUBNEW-BNEW). However in the inflation adjusted graph in this post, FRED does not have this series - andEconintersect has used Producer Price Index: Finished Goods Less Energy (PPIFLE), Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted which has similar characteristics.

Construction (which historically is an major economic driver) is a literal shadow of its former self. Its contribution to GDP is down $400 billion from its peak level in 2006. The main driver of construction spending is the private sector. Here is the historical breakdown. The graph below uses US Census seasonally adjusted data.

Obvious from the above graph that public spending on construction is falling off, while private spending is slightly trending up. The overall effect is that construction spending is near the same place it was in early 2010.

Related Posts:

Old Analysis Blog

New Analysis Blog

All Construction Spending Articles All Construction Spending Articles


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