econintersect .com

FREE NEWSLETTER: Econintersect sends a nightly newsletter highlighting news events of the day, and providing a summary of new articles posted on the website. Econintersect will not sell or pass your email address to others per our privacy policy. You can cancel this subscription at any time by selecting the unsubscribing link in the footer of each email.

posted on 23 June 2017

Trump's Hawkish Cuba Order Will Damage US Influence In Latin America

from The Conversation

-- this post authored by Rubrick Biegon, University of Kent

Donald Trump has issued a directive to tighten travel and business restrictions on Cuba. He is effectively reversing Barack Obama’s efforts to “normalise" relations with the island; at a rally in Miami, he said that:

“I am cancelling the last administration’s completely one-sided deal with Cuba."

Please share this article - Go to very top of page, right hand side for social media buttons.

The directive isn’t quite that extreme: it leaves in place some of Barack Obama’s changes, including an open embassy in Havana. But contra Trump’s “America first" foreign policy mantra, his move will have ramifications well beyond the Florida Straits - and it will probably damage Washington’s influence in Latin America.

The US has maintained an economic embargo against Cuba since 1960. While the blockade was codified into law by Congress in 1996, when it comes to calibrating its implementation, the executive branch enjoys considerable leeway.

On that basis, this move smacks of hypocrisy and political expediency. In September 2015, Trump - who himself is alleged to have violated the embargo by attempting to do business in Cuba in the 1990s - said that “the concept of opening with Cuba is fine". But by the end of the campaign, he was sounding a confrontational message. When Fidel Castro died shortly after the election, Trump tweeted that he would “terminate" the agreement struck in 2014.

His new directive makes it harder for Americans to travel to Cuba while restricting the ability of US firms to operate in the Cuban economy. That hardly serves the US’s aims. The Havana government’s pro-market reforms, though slow to take hold, have created new incentives for American businesses; US companies could lose more than US$6 billion in revenue over the next four years as a result of the tightened restrictions. The cruise and airline industries could shed thousands of jobs.

Meanwhile, a majority of Cuban-Americans now support engagement with Cuba, and national polls show growing support for an end to the embargo.

Nevertheless, with his legislative agenda otherwise stalled and his ban on travel from several majority-Muslim countries repeatedly blocked by the courts, Trump is desperate for accomplishments. As with his withdrawal from the Paris climate change agreement, Trump is playing to his base by rolling back Obama’s legacy wherever he can.

The move to strengthen the embargo will certainly be well-received in some conservative circles, as key Cuban-American powerbrokers continue to push for a policy of retribution. Marco Rubio, who sits on the Senate committee investigating Trump’s Russia ties, was the driving force behind the new rules, along with Republican Representative Mario D'az-Balart.

Trump claims to want a “better deal" with Havana, but the Cuban government will not negotiate over issues of sovereignty. The emphasis on Cuba’s human rights record in Trump’s speech was particularly ironic given the notable absence of human rights concerns in his broader agenda. Though the decision was made with a domestic audience in mind, it will have ramifications throughout the Western hemisphere.

Losing influence

The Obama administration’s rapprochement with Havana was part of a wider attempt to grapple with the political realignment of the Americas more generally. In the 2000s, Latin America moved away from the US’s geopolitical orbit, as countries in Central and South America began challenging the US on a host of issues, from trade to the “War on Drugs". Obama’s foreign policy was meant to shore up the US’s hegemony in its traditional “backyard", and “normalising" relations with Cuba was clearly a crucial step.

Flying kites to protest the embargo in Havana, February 2017. EPA/Ernesto Mastrascusa

The embargo was, and is, vehemently opposed across Latin America, and Cuba’s contested status impeded multilateral diplomacy on a range of initiatives. Several countries threatened to quit the Summit of the Americas if Cuba wasn’t included. The island’s longstanding exclusion from the Organisation of American States fuelled the creation of new institutions, such as the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, which in turn undermined Washington’s influence. As Obama adviser Benjamin Rhodes said in spring 2015, the embargo was isolating the US rather than Cuba.

Combined with Trump’s anti-Mexico rhetoric, the tightened embargo signals a return to a more coercive policy toward Latin America. The risks that would carry are already becoming clear. Trump’s Cuba reversal coincided with a Central American security summit. Colombia reportedly responded to his Miami speech by threatening to pull out of the summit altogether, signalling that the Cuba about-face could create serious rifts with longstanding allies.

The ConversationThis would be a terrible waste on all fronts. Better bilateral relations have allowed the US and Cuba to address matters of mutual concern, from drug trafficking to money laundering. Trump’s scorn for this pragmatic approach sends a clear message. His bullying might win the White House a news cycle and earn some kudos on the right, but it will damage Washington’s standing in a crucial region - one that’s already increasingly independent of the US’s power.

Rubrick Biegon, Associate Lecturer, Politics and International Relations, University of Kent

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

>>>>> Scroll down to view and make comments <<<<<<

Click here for Historical Opinion Post Listing

Make a Comment

Econintersect wants your comments, data and opinion on the articles posted. You can also comment using Facebook directly using he comment block below.

Econintersect Opinion

Print this page or create a PDF file of this page
Print Friendly and PDF

The growing use of ad blocking software is creating a shortfall in covering our fixed expenses. Please consider a donation to Econintersect to allow continuing output of quality and balanced financial and economic news and analysis.

Keep up with economic news using our dynamic economic newspapers with the largest international coverage on the internet
Asia / Pacific
Middle East / Africa
USA Government

 navigate econintersect .com


Analysis Blog
News Blog
Investing Blog
Opinion Blog
Precious Metals Blog
Markets Blog
Video of the Day


Asia / Pacific
Middle East / Africa
USA Government

RSS Feeds / Social Media

Combined Econintersect Feed

Free Newsletter

Marketplace - Books & More

Economic Forecast

Content Contribution



  Top Economics Site Contributor TalkMarkets Contributor Finance Blogs Free PageRank Checker Active Search Results Google+

This Web Page by Steven Hansen ---- Copyright 2010 - 2018 Econintersect LLC - all rights reserved