econintersect.com
       
  

FREE NEWSLETTER: Econintersect sends a nightly newsletter highlighting news events of the day, and providing a summary of new articles posted on the website. Econintersect will not sell or pass your email address to others per our privacy policy. You can cancel this subscription at any time by selecting the unsubscribing link in the footer of each email.



posted on 25 October 2015

Seven Myths About Dyslexia Put To Rest

from The Conversation

-- this post authored by Serje Robidoux, Macquarie University

As researchers who study dyslexia, we often read articles or overhear conversations that completely misunderstand what dyslexia is - or how it can be treated.

Dyslexia is the term used to describe someone with reading difficulties - and it affects up to 10% of Australians.

A reader with dyslexia may have difficulty in reading unusual words like yacht; have difficulty with nonsense words like frop; misread slime as smile; struggle to understand passages; or struggle in a number of other ways when reading.

To coincide with Dyslexia Empowerment Week - aimed at raising awareness and understanding of the disorder - we highlight the seven most common misconceptions about dyslexia.

Myth 1: I'm a bad speller because I'm dyslexic

Some researchers and organisations include spelling problems in their definition of dyslexia. This can be a problem because spelling and reading are different skills even if they are both based on written language.

There are some processes involved in both spelling and reading, so some people will have problems with both skills. But research has clearly shown that many people are good readers, but poor spellers; or good spellers, yet poor readers.

To avoid grouping different kinds of problems together, it is less confusing to use the distinct terms dysgraphia (or spelling impairment) for problems in spelling, and dyslexia (or reading impairment) for reading problems.

Myth 2: I have trouble with (insert problem here), because I'm dyslexic

Reading problems are about problems with reading. That may seem obvious, but sometimes problems in other areas become so strongly associated with reading difficulties that they start to be talked about as if they were the same as having a reading difficulty.

For example, some people with reading problems also have problems with some aspects of memory. This can lead people to say things like, "David forgets his lunch box a lot because he's dyslexic", but this assumes a connection between the two problems. If dyslexia leads to poor memory, then everyone who has a reading problem should also have memory problems, but this is not at all the case.

In the extreme, one website claims that Leonardo da Vinci had dyslexia not because of any evidence that he had trouble reading, but because he could write backwards and reversed (as in a mirror image). This is clearly using the term far too broadly.

Myth 3: Dyslexia is the same for everyone

Though it may not feel like it to many of us, reading is a very complex task which involves many sub-skills and processes. It requires identifying and ordering letters, mapping letter patterns to sounds, and accessing knowledge stored in memory (among other things).

This means that the process can fail in a variety of ways, so as researchers we will almost never say "dyslexia" or "reading impairment" without first discussing what kind of problem we mean.

Does the reader have trouble with new words they have never seen before? Do they mistake broad for board more often than others their age? Do they read have as though it rhymes with save? Do they have trouble understanding what they have read? These are different problems, which don't necessarily go together.

Myth 4: There is one way to treat dyslexia

Since dyslexia is not one problem, there also isn't a single solution. The particular nature of the reading problem a person has determines the treatment they need.

Based on current evidence, effective treatment of a struggling reader requires first identifying the specific reading problems the reader has, then designing a reading-based program to develop the skills that have fallen behind.

Myth 5: Gymnastics can cure dyslexia

Treatments like physical exercise, coloured lenses or coloured paper are not helpful for two reasons. First, they assume that all dyslexias are the same. Second, they have nothing to do with reading.

There are many more "snake oil" treatments out there, and many of them have been adopted by school boards and education administrators with no reliable evidence to support them.

Currently, the evidence favours treatments that are based on developing reading skills that target the specific reading problem.

Myth 6: Phonics is a waste of time

This one is a particular challenge in Australia, where many teaching programs do not emphasise phonics in early reading education. As a result, some children who appear to have a form of dyslexia are struggling because of classroom teaching methods.

Phonics helps children learn to read by teaching them how to convert letters into sounds and then blend those sounds into words. Effective teaching methods for reading should always include systematic teaching of phonics, particularly in the early years.

Myth 7: Dyslexia runs in my family, so I just have to live with it

Research has found that genetics can play a role in reading difficulties. Sometimes the phrase "genetic cause" is mistaken for "there's nothing anyone can do". This isn't true for reading difficulties.

No matter the source of the dyslexia, there are treatments that can help - provided the problems are clearly identified, and the treatment is targeted.

Researchers in The Reading Program of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders (CCD) at Macquarie University also contributed to this article - see here for a list of signatories.

The ConversationSerje Robidoux, Postdoctoral research fellow, Macquarie University

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

>>>>> Scroll down to view and make comments <<<<<<

Click here for Historical News Post Listing










Make a Comment

Econintersect wants your comments, data and opinion on the articles posted. You can also comment using Facebook directly using he comment block below.




Econintersect Contributors


search_box

Print this page or create a PDF file of this page
Print Friendly and PDF


The growing use of ad blocking software is creating a shortfall in covering our fixed expenses. Please consider a donation to Econintersect to allow continuing output of quality and balanced financial and economic news and analysis.


Take a look at what is going on inside of Econintersect.com
Main Home
Analysis Blog
Slow Economic Growth Will Be Around For A Long Time
The Job Guarantee, Wage-Price Inflation And Alternative Solutions: Part 2
News Blog
The Cynical Game
Earnings And Economic Reports: Week Starting 06 June 201627 March 2017
Harvard Raised Over One Billion Dollars In Donations In 2016
Lack Of 'Dark Matter' In Early Galaxies Perplexes Astronomers
The Global Cost Of Tax Avoidance
What We Read Today 25 March 2017
Here's Why You Shouldn't Use Public Wi-Fi
Firmer Global Growth Hinges On Policy Shifts, Political Clarity
Life Expectancy Has Increased Dramatically Over The Past Century. But Some People Might Be Falling Behind.
How Election Surprises Affected Exchange Rates
Tax Expenditures
Trading With Elliott Waves Doesn't Have To Be Complicated
Infographic Of The Day: The Sad State Of America's Infrastructure
Investing Blog
Buy This Red-Hot Trend As U.S. Stocks Stall
Top Cannabis Stocks To Watch This Year
Opinion Blog
Fade To Black
Robots, Aliens, Corporate Drones - Who Will Be The Citizens Of The Future?
Precious Metals Blog
These Gold Stocks Will Produce Much Bigger Gains Than Gold Itself
Live Markets
24Mar2017 Market Close: Trumpcare Collapses But Little Affect On The Markets
Amazon Books & More






.... and keep up with economic news using our dynamic economic newspapers with the largest international coverage on the internet
Asia / Pacific
Europe
Middle East / Africa
Americas
USA Government































 navigate econintersect.com

Blogs

Analysis Blog
News Blog
Investing Blog
Opinion Blog
Precious Metals Blog
Markets Blog
Video of the Day
Weather

Newspapers

Asia / Pacific
Europe
Middle East / Africa
Americas
USA Government
     

RSS Feeds / Social Media

Combined Econintersect Feed
Google+
Facebook
Twitter
Digg

Free Newsletter

Marketplace - Books & More

Economic Forecast

Content Contribution

Contact

About

  Top Economics Site

Investing.com Contributor TalkMarkets Contributor Finance Blogs Free PageRank Checker Active Search Results Google+

This Web Page by Steven Hansen ---- Copyright 2010 - 2017 Econintersect LLC - all rights reserved