April 27th, 2014
FX Traders' weekly EURUSD fundamental & technical picture, this week's market drivers that could change it- the bullish, the bearish and likely EURUSD direction.
by Cliff Wachtel, FX Empire
- Technical Outlook: Near term indecisive, longer term clash of momentum and resistance
- Fundamental Outlook: Neutral Near Term, Bearish Longer Term & What's Driving The Continued Trading Range
- Conclusions: Likely trading range, drivers, & catalysts needed for breakout as conflicting trends converge.
First we look at overall risk appetite as portrayed by our sample of global indexes, because the EURUSD has been tracking these fairly well recently.
Overall Risk Appetite Per Weekly Charts Of Leading Global Stock Indexes
Overall risk appetite per sample of weekly charts for leading global stock indexes shows virtually no change from the prior week.
EURUSD Weekly Outlook: More Volatility Likely, But Can The Pair Finally Break Out?
Weekly Charts Of Large Cap Global Indexes With 10 Week/200 Day EMA [DATES] In Red: LEFT COLUMN TOP TO BOTTOM: S&P 500, DJ 30, FTSE 100, MIDDLE: CAC 40, DJ EUR 50, DAX 30, RIGHT: HANG SENG, MSCI TAIWAN, NIKKEI 225
Key For S&P 500, DJ EUR 50, Nikkei 225 Weekly Chart: 10 Week EMA Dark Blue, 20 WEEK EMA Yellow, 50 WEEK EMA Red, 100 WEEK EMA Light Blue, 200 WEEK EMA Violet, DOUBLE BOLLINGER® BANDS: Normal 2 Standard Deviations Green, 1 Standard Deviation Orange.
Source: MetaQuotes Software Corp, www.fxempire.com, www.thesensibleguidetoforex.com
Key Take-Aways Weekly Chart: Another Flat, Indecisive Week Weakens Upward Momentum
- US indexes are barely holding onto their weakening upward momentum
- The 10 and 20 week EMAs are flattening out
- The indexes remain at the border of their double Bollinger band buy zone
- European indexes have lost their upward momentum, closing again in the double Bollinger®band neutral zone, and also showing flat 10 and 20 week EMAs.
- Once again we clocked yet another indecisive 'doji' candle this week on the S&P 500 (the third in 5 weeks) and also in most of our other US and European indexes.
EURUSD Weekly Technical Outlook: Like Indexes, Little Changed, Tracks S&P 500 Best, Both Slightly Higher
Key Points To Note From The EURUSD Weekly Chart Below
- We continue to see a clash of bullish upward momentum versus long term bearish resistance at the 1.386 area, comprised of the price level, the downtrend line, and the 61.8% Fibonacci retracement line prior EURUSD downtrend of 2011-2012 that ended with Draghi's OMT program announcement and the calming of fears about Spain's banks.
- Of all of our sample global weekly index charts, the pair continues to track the S&P 500 best.
- The daily chart showed a steady rise this week in the EURUSD. We don't present it because the overall progress was minimal and thus it sheds no additional light on the pair for anyone but very short term traders.
EURUSD Weekly Chart July 15 2012 -Present
KEY: 10 Week EMA Dark Blue, 20 WEEK EMA Yellow, 50 WEEK EMA Red, 100 WEEK EMA Light Blue, 200 WEEK EMA Violet, DOUBLE BOLLINGER® BANDS: Normal 2 Standard Deviations Green, 1 Standard Deviation Orange
NB: The green converging trend lines show the long term downtrend line from August 2009 converging with the uptrend line from June 2012. These contrasting trends will soon converge, suggesting a coming breakout. See our report on the EURUSD's Q2-Q3 fundamental outlook (coming soon) for the likely direction of the next breakout.
Source: MetaQuotes Software Corp, www.fxempire.com, www.thesensibleguidetoforex.com
FUNDAMENTAL OUTLOOK: THE BALANCE OF BULLISH VS. BEARISH
Summary Of Last Week: Fundamentals Remain In Equilibrium, Drive Continued Range Trading
As the above recent EURUSD price action demonstrates, there have been no significant new fundamental drivers. These typically come in two types:
Changes In Overall Risk Appetite
The pair tends to move with risk appetite as reflected in the major US and European stock indexes. These continue to trade within a narrow range, so there has been no sustained pressure up or down from these. Last week the EURUSD tracked the S&P 500 well, with both making minor moves higher that brings both back to the lower edge of their double Bollinger band buy zones, suggesting rising odds of a break higher the coming week's events (see below) are supportive.
Changes In EUR Or USD Specific Fundamentals: None In The Near Term
As we discussed in some depth last week here, the relative fundamentals for both currencies remain in equilibrium, with no changes in outlook for their underlying economies or for their central banks' policies expected in the coming weeks.
Longer term most agree the ECB is moving towards EUR-bearish easing, but probably not before June, as noted below. The Fed is slowly tightening via its $10 bln/ month cuts in its QE program, but that's already priced in. Actual increases in benchmark rates are not expected before April 2015, to the extent that you trust forecasts of events 12 months away.
Thus the pair has gyrated within the 1.368 - 1.393 range for the past 11 weeks, and within the even tighter 1.378 - 1.39 for the past 2 weeks, moving a bit with the day's leading news events, none of which have been influential.
-ECB attempts to jawbone down the EUR have had little influence over the pair beyond the day of the latest comments.
-The same goes for economic data, and earnings announcements, all of which have been mixed overall, and even the recent uptick in US data will need to prove persistent in order to bury doubts about the US recovery from the past winter's weak data.
-Russia-Ukraine tensions have thus far evoked a collective yawn from markets, for reasons we detailed Fools Russian: 1 Chart Shows How To Play Russia Tension-Related Selloffs.
Summary Of This Week: Breakout Unlikely Despite Packed Calendar
This week, most of the big fundamental drivers come from the bevy of top tier US data releases, led by Q1 GDP, an FOMC rate decision, and US jobs reports on Friday, along with the earlier reports like the ADP non-farms payrolls that serve as leading indicators for the big Friday result.
USD Specific Drivers
Despite the potential drama, and likelihood of a wider trading range than seen over the past 2 weeks' 1.378 - 1.386 range, the odds are low for the kind of big surprises needed for a breakout beyond the past 11 week's 1.368 -1.392 range.
- GDP is a lagging indicator that's usually well anticipated and already priced in.
- There's nothing in the coming week's data to suggest a change in Fed policy and thus a hawkish Fed policy revision that would support the USD. The Fed is widely expected to continue its modest taper of $10 bln/mo.
- The US jobs reports are expected to continue to show slow but steady improvement, which would be in line with the general theme of recent US data. Given the FOMC's dovish bias, it would need to see a major surprise from the jobs data (like beating forecasts by ~20%+) to stir any speculation of faster tightening that could send USD benchmark rates, and thus the USD, higher.
- Thus unless we see an NFP of at least ~240k and unemployment rate below 6.5%, don't expect new USD strength from the jobs reports
- Even if job figures disappoints, the Fed is unlikely to slow the taper's pace. As we discuss in our special report here, there's considerable evidence that the Fed's ability to support jobs growth is largely exhausted.
- There's no press conference scheduled after this month's FOMC meeting.
EUR Specific Drivers
Meanwhile, there's very little top tier European data to move the EUR, as noted below under Top Calendar Events.
The two big EUR drivers for the coming week and beyond are:
The Bearish: Russia-Ukraine Escalation
Beyond next week's U.S. economic reports, the big wildcard is whether we see an escalation in the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, because that has not yet been priced in. If Russia invades Eastern Ukraine, we could see a deep sell-off in currencies and equities on uncertainties about the effects of yet a new round of sanctions. We still see such selloffs as buying opportunities for those with medium-long term time horizons, as detailed in the above noted report, but in the shorter term selloffs could easily come, with the EUR more likely to suffer than the USD.
The Bullish: Continued Capital Inflows Support EUR Demand
As the below chart suggests, continued inflows to EUR denominated assets, ranging from riskier GIIPS bonds to more conservative German assets, continues to provide a bid for the EUR despite threats of coming ECB easing, Russia-Ukraine tensions, and of new EU crisis flare-ups.
Via Marc Chandler here
Sample Retail Traders Positioning
The real time retail trader sample of EURUSD long/short positions, 34%/66%, is slightly more bearish than last week's 39%/61%, similar to the speculative position change shown by the most recent (last Tuesday) COT report on speculative positioning.
TOP EURUSD CALENDAR EVENTS FOR BOTH OVERALL RISK APPETITE AND SPECIFIC TO THE EURUSD
This week's calendar is heavy on top tier US data, light on other top tier data from the biggest economies, and almost devoid of top tier EU data, so the pair moves with US reports and overall risk appetite.
Earnings season has thus far been mixed, and usually by this fourth week that theme is set and so earnings lose much of its market moving potential.
- US: Pending Home Sales: -0.8%/1.0%. Despite all the concern about jobs, in the end of the day US GDP will benefit only when job and wage growth translates into actual spending, and housing is a huge driver of both jobs and spending. Some believe last month's ugly figure was an outlier. We'll find out this week. A rebound in housing data will go a long way to supporting the US recovery story.
- US: CB consumer confidence: 82.3/82.9
- EU: EU CPI flash estimates. 0.5%/0.8% - the only top tier data of the day for the EU, and it takes on added importance given that its fears about deflation, not growth, that are pushing the ECB towards further easing. PMI's last week were solid enough for to quell fears about the effects of a strong EUR on EU growth. The following are second tier reports but if all surprise to the upside or downside then together they could influence sentiment. German retail sales:1.3%/-0.5%, French consumer spending, Spain flash GDP
- US: ADP non-farms payrolls: 1914K/212k. Has a mixed record of predicting the official figure but has tended to err slightly on the side of underestimating Friday's BLS result over the past 9 months, so take it as a worst case scenario
Advance GDP: +2.6%/+1.1% Like all the major US data releases over the next month, these are critical for either confirming or dispelling the excuse that early 2014 weakness was due mostly to temporary weather conditions. Strong results not only reaffirm the US recovery, they also feed expectations for an additional data boost as deferred spending adds to coming data.
FOMC Statement: Important only if it changes market perceptions (correct or not) about Fed policy. No changes expected until we see a sustained change in US data.
Chicago PMI: 55.9/56.6. The jobs component of this manufacturing index may influence sentiment about the Friday BLS report.
- China: Manufacturing PMI: Important for overall risk appetite and the only important report until Midday EST given that most of Europe is on bank holiday for labor day.
- US: ISM Mfg PMI is the big US data release, with focus on its jobs component as a leading indicator of the Friday BLS jobs report. Other potentially top tier market moving events: Fed Chair Yellen speaks, matters only if she surprises markets about policy direction. US weekly new jobless claims 329k/317k, personal consumer expenditure.
- US: Non-farms payrolls change 192K/211K, unemployment rate 6.7%/6.6%, avg. hourly earnings 0%/0.2%
Given the low likelihood of surprise from the above discussed fundamental drivers:
- The pair is unlikely to break out from its 1.368 - 1.393 range of the past 11 weeks.
- This week's calendar has enough top tier events to allow for a greater trading range than the tighter 1.378 - 1.39 for the past 2 weeks.
- Despite threats from Russia and eventual ECB easing, continued low USD rates and capital inflows into GIIPS bonds and other EUR-denominated should keep that 1.368 support level solid in the near term.
- The converging long term downtrend and uptrend lines suggest a coming end to this trading range and the start of a new trend. See here for our outlook on the EURUSD's fundamental drivers for Q2 and Q3.
To be added to Cliff's email distribution list, just click here, and leave your name, email address, and request to be on the mailing list for alerts of future posts.
DISCLOSURE /DISCLAIMER: THE ABOVE IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY, RESPONSIBILITY FOR ALL TRADING OR INVESTING DECISIONS LIES SOLELY WITH THE READER.